are dietary substance that protect body cells from the damage caused by
oxidation from free radicals (free oxygen radicals).
neutralize free radicals by donating one of their own electrons,
breaking the electron stealing chain reaction. The antioxidant
themselves do not become free radicals by donating an electron because
they are stable in either form. Antioxidants act like scavengers,
preventing cell damage.
Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHA)
active substance with exfoliating and emollient properties. These
include lactic acid, derived from sour milk, citric acid, derived from
citric fruit and glycolic acid, derived from sugar cane. Gylolic acid is
the most alpha hydroxy acid used for skin peels. Unlike other chemical
peels, alpha hydroxy acids are not toxic to the skin.
proven to be effective in treating acne, sun spots, removing dead skin
cells, lessening fine wrinkles, and improving skin texture. Studies show
that alpha hydroxy acids can reverse precancerous skin lesions, which
are due to long term sun exposure. Alpha hydroxy acids can increase skin
thickness up to 15% in patients with sun damaged thin skin. The process
is through the stimulation of collagen synthesis.
precursor to vitamin A (retinol) found in egg yolk, milk, butter,
spinach, carrots, squash, broccoli, tomato, cantaloupe, peaches, and
grains. Beta-carotene is converted to vitamin A within the body.
Orange colored plant pigments, used in the manufacture of vitamin A.
Beta Hydroxy Acid (BHA)
Another name, Salicylic acid.
are closely related to alpha hydroxy acids, in which the two functional
groups are separated by one carbon atom. The difference between alpha
hydroxy acids and beta hydroxy acid is their lipid (oil) solubility.
Alpha hydroxy acids are water soluble, while beta hydroxy acid is lipid
(oil) soluble. Meaning that beta hydroxy acid is able to penetrate into
the pore which contains sebum and exfoliate the dead skin cells that are
built up inside the pore. Because of this difference in properties,
beta hydroxy acid is better used on oily skin with blackheads and
whiteheads. Alpha hydroxy acids are better used on thickened,
sun-damaged skin where breakouts are not a problem.
acid works mainly as an exfoliant. It causes the cells of the epidermis
to become loosen allowing the dead skin cells to slough off, making room
for regrowth of new skin.
BHA has proven to be effective in
treating acne, mottled pigmentation of photodamaged skin, removing dead
skin cells and lessening fine wrinkles.
In treatment of acne, beta hydroxy acids are clearly superior to alpha hydroxy acids.
Beta hydroxy acid appears to be less irritating than alpha hydroxy acid even though it penetrates deeper into the pore.
Also called, Botulinum toxin type A
Popularly known by its trade name, Botox
is a drug made from a neurotoxic protein ( botulinum toxin) produced by
the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. It's the same toxin in large doses
that causes paralytic illness often linked to food poisoning. Despite
its deadly toxic effect, doctors use it in very small doses to treat
health problems, muscle spasms including temporary removal of facial
Botox injections work by weakening or
paralyzing certain muscles or by blocking certain nerves. The effects
last about three to six months.
The most common side effect of
Botox injections is temporary bruising, pain at the injection site.
Other seen side effects include flu-like symptoms, headache and upset
stomach. Injections in the face may also cause temporary drooping of the
upper eyelids. (Blepharoptosis).
Botulinum toxin is now commonly used in various settings for cosmetic procedures.
Botox should not be used if you are pregnant or breast feeding.
superba is an indigenous herb of Thailand, found in the forests of
Thailand. It is known as “red kwao krua” or known as “phytoandrogen”
(androgen male hormones derived from plants) by Scientists. Butea
superba belongs to the Family Leguminosae, subfamily Papilioneae. Butea
superba has been found to contain flavonoid and flavonoid glycoside, of
which scientists found that these two substances from the herb have
strong cAMP phosphodiesterase enzyme inhibitory effect, which this
enzyme is directly related to corpus cavernosal vasodilation. (Note:
Corpus cavernosa (corpora in plural) is major tissue of penis,
responsible for the rigidity of the erect penis). To inhibit this enzyme
will help promote vasodilation (blood flow) at the penis area. Thus,
this effect results in stimulating aldosterone male hormones.
Aldosterone male hormones are vital for blood circulation
(vasodilatation) and new tissue generation, then resulting in
improvement of Erectile Dysfunction, enlargement the sex organs,
strengthen sex organ muscles and improve skin texture to promote
youthful looks. Because of the effect of vasodilatation to increase
blood circulation especially at sex organ, like mechanism of Viagra.
Some people recognize Butea superba as “Natural Viagra”. It is
interesting to note that from clinical trials in patients who had
Erectile Dysfunction problems with additional health problems, such as
diabetes mellitus, hypertension, heart disease and hyperthyroidism, they
responded satisfactorily to Butea superba.
is derived from chitin, a polysaccharide found in the shells of shrimp,
lobster, crabs and other sea crustaceans, including Pandalus borealis.
Chitosan is used widely in pharmaceuticals as a base in formulations.
There is also extensive research showing chitosan can be effective in
wound healing, as well as having antibacterial and anti-inflammatory
Chitosan is used in cosmetics for its properties of moisture-keeping, excellent membrane-forming and skin-protecting ability.
is claimed that chitosan has the ability to remove fat from the body by
acting as a fat sponge. It inhibits fat absorbtion thus help in weight loss. However , this claim needs more scientific evidence.
enemas is a natural method used to detoxify human body. Coffee enema
has greater benefits over saline enema (use water) due to the presence
of caffeine, theobromine, theophylline and other components that coffee
contains. These substances in coffee help relax smooth muscles, which
causes blood vessels and bile ducts to dilate.
The majority of medical practitioners recommend coffee enema as a good source of body detoxification.
The benefits of coffee enemas include the relief of headaches, nausea, pain and fatigue, and cleansing of the liver and colon.
stimulates the liver and facilities in removing toxic substances from
our body. Since coffee is a stimulant, it will go through hemorrhodial
vein and reach your liver directly. When the liver is stimulated, the
detoxification process will speed up. Toxins, wastes and other matters
will come out from our small intestines with coffee. Coffee enema will
also increase the duplication of red blood cells and reduce formation of
Recent research has shown that coffee enema is an
effective way for cancer treatment. The benefits of coffee enema is
elimination of constipation, diarrhoea, loss of surplus weight, improved
nutrient absorption throughout our digestive system and thereby
reduction in the sensations related to bloating and irritability.
is a natural substance within body tissues. It can be injected into the
skin to plump up particular areas. Life is a string of complex
molecules: polymers. Nature's most abundant protein polymer is
collagen. More than 1/3 of the body's protein is collagen.
* Collagen makes up to 75% of our skin.
* Collagen controls cell shape and differentiation, migration, and the synthesis of a number of proteins.
* When the body needs to build any new cellular structure as in the
healing process, collagen and/or collagen fragments will play a central
Types of Collagen
is found in the majority of organs, not just the skin. It occurs in
different forms known as types. Hence, it is not enough to have the
right amount of collagen in the right place - it has to be the collagen
of the right type.
Type I Collagen - The most abundant collagen
in the body. Found in tendons, bones, skin and other tissues.
Particularly abundant in the scar tissue.
Types II, IX, X, XI - Cartilage
III Collagen - Common in fast growing tissue, particularly at the early
stages (Phase 1) of wound repair. Much of it is replaced later by the
type stronger and tougher type I collagen.
Type IV - Basal lamina (filtration membrane of capillaries)
Type V, VI - Generally found alongside type I
Type VII - Epithelia (lining of GI tract, urinary tract, etc.)
Type VIII - Lining of blood vessels
Type XII - Found alongside and interacts with types I and III
most abundant types of collagen in the skin are I and III; their
fibrils form the mesh largely responsible for the skin's mechanical
properties. Other types of collagen in the skin are V, VI, and XII. They
are found in much smaller amounts and appear to have a supportive role,
whose details remain unclear.
is an extract from the Guggul plant (Commiphora mukul), a myrrh plant
found primarily in India. The gum of the Guggul plant has been used in
India traditional Ayurvedic medicine since the 6th Century B.C. for
Commipheroline is a new trend in cosmetics
technology for its super plumping effects. Commipheroline is capable of
stimulating lipogenesis (fatty acid synthesis), resulting that
triglycerides are formed, which deposit in the adipose cells (fat cells)
of the skin. and the adipose cells are enlarged.
Commipheroline is used in topical breasts products to enlarge adipose
cells in breasts tissues. A subject study with women aged between 18 and
43 showed an increase in bust measurement by 2 cm on average after 6
weeks of daily application of Commipheroline.
And also as
Commipheroline enlarge adipose cells and pad out the wrinkles from
underneath, resulting that the skin becomes plumper, small wrinkles
disappear and deeper wrinkles are reduced. Commipheroline is used in
advanced skin care.
comosa Roxb., a herb belonging to Zingiberaceae family. Curcuma comosa
is is an indigenous herb of Thailand. Curcuma comosa is a special kind
of herb which it has the most effects at female genital system
especially vaginal wall muscles and uterus.
Curcuma comosa has
been used for centuries in traditional medicinal herbs for the treatment
of female problems such as vaginal dryness, hot flashes, easing
menstrual pain and cramping. It can be used to help women regain normal
menstrual cycles after taking the herbs. It has proven helpful for
relieving hot flashes during menopause. Curcuma comosa can reduce
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). And also help suppressed abdominal pain and
chronic pelvic disorders. It enables the contractions of the uterus to
be more orderly. Curcuma comosa increases the effect of
ovarian/testicular hormones. The herb appears to have some estrogenic
effect. In Thai herbal medicine, the herb has been used after childbirth
to tighten firmly the uterus (womb) and vaginal muscles to its
nonpregnant size. Curcuma comosa has been used to treat such conditions
as dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation), amenorrhea (absence of
menstruation), menorrhagia (abnormal menstruation, too much
menstruation, menopausal symptoms (especially hot flashes).
a powerful effects in tightening and firming muscles, Curcuma comosa
herb has been used widely in luxury spa to treat and mask on women
breasts and overall body. Curcuma comosa herb can lift up saggy muscles
and promote blood circulation at applied area incredibly.
or detox for short is the process of clearing (cleansing) toxic
substances from the body or neutralizing or transforming them, and
clearing excess mucus and congestion. Many of toxic substances are from
our diet, drug use and environmental exposure. Internally, fats,
especially oxidized fats and cholesterol, free radicals, and other
irritating molecules act as toxins. Poor digestion, colon sluggishness
and dysfunction, reduced liver function, and poor elimination through
the kidneys, respiratory tract, and skin all add to increased toxicity.
Common diet that cause toxins in our body such as caffeine, red meat, refined white sugar, saturated fat and alcohol.
names are danggui or danggwi (Korean) is a herb from the Apiaceae
family. Its scientific name is Angelica sinensis. Dong Quai is a
traditional Chinese herb used to treat menopausal symptoms and menstrual